It is worrying that we need to take a very basic discussion of how we use artificial intelligence in a responsible way that strengthens our society.
We are on the eve of a new digital age where artificial intelligence becomes the focal point. It is encouraging to think about the many new opportunities that are created: Artificial intelligence can improve our healthcare system, make the companies more competitive and facilitate everyday tasks in our homes. But at the same time, it is worrying that we need to take a very basic discussion on how we use artificial intelligence in a responsible way that strengthens our society.
There is a need for us to more closely analyze the dilemmas and challenges that come with increased digitization. Here, artificial intelligence is perhaps the greatest challenge; We have just seen the top of the iceberg, for artificial intelligence stands for redefining what it can be used for at all levels of society. Euro.digital can only support that artificial intelligence raises a number of new questions, where regulation can be part of the answer.
Necessary to regulate – but it won’t be easy However, it is not the artificial intelligence itself – that is, the algorithms – that poses the greatest challenge. In fact, it’s about data ethics; the human considerations of what is in order and what we cannot accept when it comes to the use of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence is not just artificial intelligence. There are algorithms in all today, and the necessary ethical considerations vary widely depending on whether we speak artificial intelligence in a hospital, in a robot vacuum cleaner or in a car. Some usage scenarios raise more ethical issues than others. A regulation of artificial intelligence may be necessary, but it is not the first step in the process. The work should begin with the fact that we get a better understanding of what artificial intelligence really is, and that we become aware of what we must regulate and for what purpose. Here it is important, among other things, to distinguish between the use of anonymised data and data that can be attributed to specific persons. It is also important to understand that data may be flawed or misinterpreted by the people who ultimately look at the answers the machines spit out. There is particular reason to keep an eye on developments when it comes to individual profiling of people and data analysis to predict behavior, so-called predictive analytics. Let’s start with confidence
When we are to regulate artificial intelligence, both technical knowledge, philosophical considerations and societal understanding are necessary. Therefore, the debate on artificial intelligence and computer ethics cannot be left to IT people alone, nor to politicians or officials. There is something bigger at stake, and it requires a joint work across disciplines and areas of responsibility.
The goal is to make a number of recommendations that can form the basis for a further dialogue on data ethics among all the European and hopefully can also lead to concrete action by companies and public authorities. The ethical considerations regarding the use of artificial intelligence are still unexplored country, and Europe should take the lead in giving both the consumers, companies and authorities the tools to relate to the data ethical issues. Trust is a cornerstone of European society, and therefore trust is also crucial when it comes to artificial intelligence. How to create and maintain trust? And which regulation can help support it? It must be the basic issues that we must deal with when artificial intelligence in the coming years gains momentum.